What is urban and rural area ? What is underserved area in networking ?
These definitions are heavily used in networking. And all broadband network designers take always these definitions into an account while they do their design. I think knowing these definitions as a network engineer is valuable for you.
- In general, a rural area or countryside is a geographic area that is located outside towns and cities
- Whatever is not urban is considered rural area though some people uses less populate than urban but more populated than rural area as suburban area
- Typical urban areas have a high population and large settlements
- Typical rural areas have a low population density and small settlements
- Underserved areas where there is no good network coverage (Broadband , Voice or any other data types)
- Unserved areas where there is no network coverage at all
For example,if mobile operator will place a cell sites in an urban area, since the population density will be too high, they consider to place more cell sites than if they place those cell sites in a rural area.
FTTx planers consider to change their ODN (Optical Distribution Network) design entirely depends on they are doing FTTx deployment in urban or rural areas.
In general, having a fiber access to rural areas is considered as not a good idea economically, thus in rural areas either mobile broadband or WISPs (Wireless Internet Service Provider) with unlicensed spectrum serve.
This is one of the topics under ‘ Service Providers Physical Connections and Locations ‘ module of Service Provider Design Workshop. Join this workshop to learn the concepts which are not thought in any other trainings.