BGP Troubleshooting: Most Common BGP Errors and How to Solve Them

BGP is a complex protocol, and as a result, many things can go wrong when troubleshooting BGP issues.

In this blog post regarding BGP troubleshooting, we'll take a look at the most common BGP errors and how to solve them.

So if you're struggling with a BGP issue, read on for help!

Some of the Most Common BGP Issues

When it comes to BGP troubleshooting, one of the most common problems with Border Gateway Protocol (BGP) is incorrect configuration. This can result in a loss of network reachability and communication issues. Another issue that can arise is BGP route flapping, which occurs when a route repeatedly changes state between active and inactive.


Additionally, BGP route hijacking can occur when an unauthorized entity gains control over a specific route, potentially leading to loss of data or security breaches. It is important for network administrators to monitor BGP regularly and address any potential issues promptly. In order to prevent problems, it is also crucial for all BGP configurations to be accurate and secure.

BGP Route Flapping

BGP route flapping is one of the most widespread problems that need a BGP troubleshooting process. BGP route flapping occurs when a neighboring network continuously sends updates regarding changes to IP address routing, causing instability in the network. This can happen due to faulty hardware or software, misconfigured BGP filters, or issues with ISP networks. When troubleshooting BGP route flapping, the first step is identifying whether the problem is local or external. Running BGP commands such as "show ip bgp neighbors" and "show ip bgp summary" can provide information about neighboring networks and routing activity.

Next, checking for errors in router configuration and examining BGP filters can help pinpoint potential issues. In some cases, such as problems with an ISP network, it may be necessary to contact the provider for assistance. BGP route flapping can be effectively troubleshot and resolved by utilizing these steps.

BGP Route Hijacking

BGP route hijacking, also known as IP hijacking or BGP network hijacking, is when a malicious actor takes control of routing information and redirects internet traffic to their own servers. This can have catastrophic consequences for businesses, causing downtime and loss of sensitive data. Fortunately, there are steps that companies can take to troubleshoot and prevent BGP route hijacking.

It's important to monitor your BGP sessions regularly, looking for any unexpected changes in routing or variance from agreements with service providers. In addition, employing various control measures such as Resource Public Key Infrastructure (RPKI) can help to validate the authenticity of routing information. Taking these precautions can protect against the damaging effects of BGP route hijacking.

BGP Configuration Error

BGP configuration errors might be one of the most common problems that require BGP troubleshooting. It occurs when the Border Gateway Protocol is not set up correctly. This can result in network communication issues and decreased performance. The first step in troubleshooting a BGP configuration error is to review the settings and confirm that all necessary parameters have been inputted correctly. It may also be helpful to check for any recent changes or updates that could have affected the configuration.

Additionally, examining routing tables and performing a traceroute can provide further insight into where the issue may lie. Sometimes, it may be necessary to contact internet service providers to assist with resolving the error. With careful review and investigation, BGP configuration errors can usually be successfully resolved.

BGP RIB-Failure

BGP rib-failure occurs when a router is unable to install a route into the routing table, causing network outages. The first step in troubleshooting this issue is to check the BGP neighbor table and verify that the correct neighbors are configured. If not, the issue may be related to incorrect configuration or firewall settings. Next, check all BGP attributes, such as local preference, AS path, and MED, to ensure they are properly set. If there are any discrepancies, adjusting these attributes may solve the issue.

Additionally, it's important to verify that the route being installed has an active next hop and is being advertised by at least one neighbor. If not, there may be an issue with the BGP peering or routing policies. A simple BGP troubleshooting process can successfully resolve rib-failure.

Let's wrap it up

BGP troubleshooting can be daunting, but it is easier than it seems. By understanding the most common errors and how to solve them, you will be able to keep your network running smoothly.

Have you ever encountered a BGP issue that was difficult to solve? Then click here to check our BGP courses and more.

Created by
Stanley Avery

I am a certified network engineer with over 10 years of experience in the field. I have a deep understanding of networking and IT security, and I am always looking for new challenges.

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